\name{setup.prop.2D}
\alias{setup.prop.2D}
\alias{contour.prop.2D}
\title{
Attaches a Property to a Two-Dimensional Grid
}

\description{
Calculates the value of a given property at the middle of grid cells
(\code{mid}) and at the interfaces of the grid cells (\code{int}).

Two possibilities are available: either specifying a mathematical function
(\code{func}) that describes the spatial dependency of the property, or
asssuming a constant value (\code{value}). To allow for anisotropy, the
spatial dependency can be different in the x and y direction.

For example, in a sediment model, the routine can be used to specify the
porosity, the mixing intensity or other parameters over the grid of the
reactangular sediment domain.
}

\usage{
setup.prop.2D(func = NULL, value = NULL, grid, y.func = func,
y.value = value, ...)

\method{contour}{prop.2D}(x, grid, xyswap = FALSE, filled = FALSE, \dots)
}

\arguments{
\item{func }{function that describes the spatial dependency in the
x-direction; defined as \code{func <- function (x,y, ...)}
}
\item{value }{constant value given to the property in the x-direction
}
\item{grid }{list specifying the 2D grid characteristics, see
\code{\link{setup.grid.2D}} for details on the structure of this list
}
\item{y.func }{function that describes the spatial dependency in the
y-direction. By default the same as in the x-direction.
\code{y.func <- function (x, y, ...)}
}
\item{y.value }{constant value given to the property in the y-direction.
By default the same as in the x-direction.
}
\item{x }{the object of class \code{prop.2D} that needs plotting
}
\item{filled }{if \code{TRUE}, uses \code{filled.contour}, else \code{contour}
}
\item{xyswap }{if \code{TRUE}, then x- and y-values are swapped and
the y-axis is oriented from top to bottom. Useful for drawing
vertical depth profiles
}
\item{... }{additional arguments that are passed on to \code{func} or
to the method
}
}

\value{
A list of type \code{prop.2D} containing:
\item{x.mid }{property value in the x-direction defined at the middle of the
grid cells; Nx * Ny matrix (where Nx and Ny = number of cells in x, y
direction)
}
\item{y.mid }{property value in the y-direction at the middle of the grid
cells; Nx * Ny matrix
}
\item{x.int }{property value in the x-direction defined at the
x-interfaces of the grid cells;
(Nx+1)*Ny matrix
}
\item{y.int }{property value in the y-direction at the y-interfaces of the
grid cells; Nx*(Ny+1) matrix
}
}

\author{
Filip Meysman <f.meysman@nioo.knaw.nl>,
Karline Soetaert <k.soetaert@nioo.knaw.nl>
}

\note{
For some properties, it does not make sense to use \code{y.func} different
to \code{func}. For instance, for volume fractions, AFDW.

For other properties, it may be usefull to have \code{y.func} or
\code{y.value} different from \code{func} or \code{value}, for instance
for velocities, surface areas, ...
}

\examples{
# Inverse quadratic function
return(1/((x-a)^2+(y-b)^2))

# Construction of the 2D grid
x.grid <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,N=10)
y.grid <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,N=10)
grid2D <- setup.grid.2D(x.grid,y.grid)

# Attaching the inverse quadratic function to the 2D grid
contour(log(twoD\$x.int))
}

\details{
\itemize{
\item {When the property is isotropic, the \code{x.mid} and
\code{y.mid} values are identical. This is for example the case for
sediment porosity.}
\item {When the property is anisotropic, the \code{x.mid} and
\code{y.mid} values can differ. This can be for example the case for
the velocity, where in general, the value will differ between the x and
y direction.}
}
}
\keyword{utilities}