#' Empirical Distributions #' #' Generate a sequence of n-quantiles, i.e., a sample of size \code{n} with a near-perfect distribution. #' #' @param type Can be any of the names from base R's \link[stats]{Distributions}, like \code{"cauchy"}, \code{"pois"} or \code{"beta"}. #' @param random Generate near-perfect or random (simple wrappers for the base R \code{r*} functions) distributions. #' @param ... Arguments passed to or from other methods. #' #' @examples #' library(bayestestR) #' x <- distribution(n = 10) #' plot(density(x)) #' #' x <- distribution(type = "gamma", n = 100, shape = 2) #' plot(density(x)) #' @export distribution <- function(type = "normal", ...) { basr_r_distributions <- c( "beta", "binom", "cauchy", "chisq", "chisquared", "exp", "f", "gamma", "geom", "hyper", "lnorm", "multinom", "nbinom", "normal", "pois", "poisson", "student", "t", "student_t", "unif", "uniform", "weibull" ) switch( match.arg(arg = type, choices = basr_r_distributions), "normal" = distribution_normal(...), "cauchy" = distribution_cauchy(...), "poisson" = distribution_poisson(...), "gamma" = distribution_gamma(...), "t" = , "student" = , "student_t" = distribution_student(...), "chisquared" = distribution_chisquared(...), "uniform" = distribution_uniform(...), "beta" = distribution_beta(...), distribution_custom(type = type, ...) ) } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rnorm #' @importFrom stats qnorm rnorm #' @export distribution_normal <- function(n, mean = 0, sd = 1, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rnorm(n, mean, sd) } else { stats::qnorm(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), mean, sd, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rbinom #' @importFrom stats qbinom rbinom #' @export distribution_binomial <- function(n, size = 1, prob = 0.5, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rbinom(n, size, prob) } else { stats::qbinom(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), size, prob, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rcauchy #' @importFrom stats rcauchy qcauchy #' @export distribution_cauchy <- function(n, location = 0, scale = 1, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rcauchy(n, location, scale) } else { stats::qcauchy(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), location, scale, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rpois #' @importFrom stats rpois qpois #' @export distribution_poisson <- function(n, lambda = 1, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rpois(n, lambda) } else { stats::qpois(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), lambda, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rt #' @importFrom stats rt qt #' @export distribution_student <- function(n, df, ncp, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rt(n, df, ncp) } else { stats::qt(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), df, ncp, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rchisq #' @importFrom stats rchisq qchisq #' @export distribution_chisquared <- function(n, df, ncp = 0, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rchisq(n, df, ncp) } else { stats::qchisq(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), df, ncp, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::runif #' @importFrom stats runif qunif #' @export distribution_uniform <- function(n, min = 0, max = 1, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::runif(n, min, max) } else { stats::qunif(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), min, max, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rbeta #' @importFrom stats rbeta qbeta #' @export distribution_beta <- function(n, shape1, shape2, ncp = 0, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rbeta(n, shape1, shape2, ncp = ncp) } else { stats::qbeta(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), shape1, shape2, ncp = ncp, ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams tweedie::rtweedie #' @export distribution_tweedie <- function(n, xi = NULL, mu, phi, power = NULL, random = FALSE, ...) { if (!requireNamespace("tweedie", quietly = TRUE)) { stop("Package 'tweedi' required for this function to work. Please install it.") } if (random) { tweedie::rtweedie(n = n, xi = xi, mu = mu, phi = phi, power = power) } else { tweedie::qtweedie(p = seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), xi = xi, mu = mu, phi = phi, power = power) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rgamma #' @importFrom stats rgamma qgamma #' @export distribution_gamma <- function(n, shape, scale = 1, random = FALSE, ...) { if (random) { stats::rgamma(n = n, shape = shape, scale = scale) } else { stats::qgamma(p = seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), shape = shape, scale = scale) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams distribution #' @export distribution_custom <- function(n, type = "norm", ..., random = FALSE) { if (random) { f <- match.fun(paste0("r", type)) f(n, ...) } else { f <- match.fun(paste0("q", type)) f(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), ...) } } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rnorm #' @importFrom stats rbeta qbeta #' @export distribution_mixture_normal <- function(n, mean = c(-3, 3), sd = 1, random = FALSE, ...) { n <- round(n / length(mean)) sd <- c(sd) if (length(sd) != length(mean)) { sd <- rep(sd, length.out = length(mean)) } x <- c() for (i in 1:length(mean)) { x <- c(x, distribution_normal(n = n, mean = mean[i], sd = sd[i], random = random)) } x } #' @rdname distribution #' @inheritParams stats::rnorm #' @importFrom stats qnorm #' @export rnorm_perfect <- function(n, mean = 0, sd = 1) { .Deprecated("distribution_normal") stats::qnorm(seq(1 / n, 1 - 1 / n, length.out = n), mean, sd) }