##### https://github.com/cran/nFactors
Tip revision: b6fe861
principalAxis.rd
\name{principalAxis}
\alias{principalAxis}
\title{ Principal Axis Analysis }

\description{
The \emph{PrincipalAxis} function return a principal axis analysis without
iterated communalities estimates. Three different choices of communalities
estimates are given: maximum corelation, multiple correlation or estimates based
on the sum of the sqared principal component analysis loadings. Generally statistical
packages initialize the the communalities at the multiple correlation value.
Unfortunately, this strategy cannot deal with singular correlation or covariance matrices.
If the maximum correlation or the estimated communalities based on the sum of loading
are used insted, then a solution can be computed.
}

\usage{
principalAxis(R,
nFactors=2,
communalities="component")
}

\arguments{
\item{R}{             numeric:   correlation or covariance matrix}
\item{nFactors}{      numeric:   number of factors to retain}
\item{communalities}{ character: initial values for communalities ("component", "maxr", or "multiple")}
}

\value{
\item{values}{       numeric: variance of each component }
\item{varExplained}{ numeric: variance explained by each component }
\item{varExplained}{ numeric: cumulative variance explained by each component }
}

\seealso{
}

\author{
Gilles Raiche, Universite du Quebec a Montreal
\email{raiche.gilles@uqam.ca}, \url{http://www.er.uqam.ca/nobel/r17165/}
}

\examples{
# .......................................................
# Exemple from Kim and Mueller (1978, p. 10)
# Population: upper diagonal
# Simulated sample: lower diagnonal
R <- matrix(c( 1.000, .6008, .4984, .1920, .1959, .3466,
.5600, 1.000, .4749, .2196, .1912, .2979,
.4800, .4200, 1.000, .2079, .2010, .2445,
.2240, .1960, .1680, 1.000, .4334, .3197,
.1920, .1680, .1440, .4200, 1.000, .4207,
.1600, .1400, .1200, .3500, .3000, 1.000),
nrow=6, byrow=TRUE)

# Factor analysis: Principal axis factoring without iterated communalities -
# Kim and Mueller (1978, p. 21)
# Replace upper diagonal by lower diagonal
RU <- diagReplace(R, upper=TRUE)
principalAxis(RU, nFactors=2, communalities="component")
principalAxis(RU, nFactors=2, communalities="maxr")
principalAxis(RU, nFactors=2, communalities="multiple")
# Replace lower diagonal by upper diagonal
RL <- diagReplace(R, upper=FALSE)
principalAxis(RL, nFactors=2, communalities="component")
principalAxis(RL, nFactors=2, communalities="maxr")
principalAxis(RL, nFactors=2, communalities="multiple")
# .......................................................
}

\keyword{ multivariate }