``````/*
*~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
*
*
* CitcomS by Louis Moresi, Shijie Zhong, Lijie Han, Eh Tan,
* Clint Conrad, Michael Gurnis, and Eun-seo Choi.
* Copyright (C) 1994-2005, California Institute of Technology.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
*
*
*~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
*/

/*   Functions which solve for the velocity and pressure fields using Uzawa-type iteration loop.  */

#include <math.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include "element_definitions.h"
#include "global_defs.h"
#include <stdlib.h>

void myerror(struct All_variables *,char *);

static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp, int *steps_max);
static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat_CG(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp, int *steps_max);
static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat_BiCG(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp, int *steps_max);
static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat_iterCG(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp, int *steps_max);
static double initial_vel_residual(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp);
static double incompressibility_residual(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **r);

/* Master loop for pressure and (hence) velocity field */

void solve_constrained_flow_iterative(E)
struct All_variables *E;

{
void v_from_vector();
void p_to_nodes();

int cycles;

cycles=E->control.p_iterations;

/* Solve for velocity and pressure, correct for bc's */

solve_Ahat_p_fhat(E,E->U,E->P,E->F,E->control.accuracy,&cycles);

v_from_vector(E);
p_to_nodes(E,E->P,E->NP,E->mesh.levmax);

return;
}

void solve_constrained_flow_iterative_pseudo_surf(E)
struct All_variables *E;

{
void v_from_vector_pseudo_surf();
void p_to_nodes();

int cycles;

cycles=E->control.p_iterations;

/* Solve for velocity and pressure, correct for bc's */

solve_Ahat_p_fhat(E,E->U,E->P,E->F,E->control.accuracy,&cycles);

v_from_vector_pseudo_surf(E);
p_to_nodes(E,E->P,E->NP,E->mesh.levmax);

return;
}

/* ========================================================================= */

static void print_convergence_progress(struct All_variables *E,
int count, double time0,
double sq_vdotv,
double dvelocity, double dpressure)
{
double CPU_time0();

fprintf(E->fp, "AhatP (%03d) after %6.2f s v=%.3e  div/v=%.3e "
"dv/v=%.3e and dp/p=%.3e for step %d\n",
count, CPU_time0()-time0, sq_vdotv,E->monitor.incompressibility,
dvelocity, dpressure, E->monitor.solution_cycles);
fprintf(stderr, "AhatP (%03d) after %6.2f s v=%.3e div/v=%.3e "
"dv/v=%.3e and dp/p=%.3e for step %d\n",
count, CPU_time0()-time0, sq_vdotv, E->monitor.incompressibility,
dvelocity, dpressure, E->monitor.solution_cycles);

return;
}

static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp, int *steps_max)
{
float residual;

if(E->control.inv_gruneisen == 0)
residual = solve_Ahat_p_fhat_CG(E, V, P, F, imp, steps_max);
else {
if(strcmp(E->control.uzawa, "cg") == 0)
residual = solve_Ahat_p_fhat_iterCG(E, V, P, F, imp, steps_max);
else if(strcmp(E->control.uzawa, "bicg") == 0)
residual = solve_Ahat_p_fhat_BiCG(E, V, P, F, imp, steps_max);
else
myerror(E, "Error: unknown Uzawa iteration\n");
}

return(residual);
}

/* Solve incompressible Stokes flow using
*/

static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat_CG(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **FF,
double imp, int *steps_max)
{
int m, j, count, valid, lev, npno, neq;
int gnpno, gneq;

double *r1[NCS], *r2[NCS], *z1[NCS], *s1[NCS], *s2[NCS], *F[NCS];
double *shuffle[NCS];
double alpha, delta, r0dotz0, r1dotz1,sq_vdotv;
double residual, v_res;

double global_vdot(), global_pdot();

double time0, CPU_time0();
float dpressure, dvelocity;

void assemble_c_u();
void assemble_div_u();
void assemble_del2_u();
void strip_bcs_from_residual();
int  solve_del2_u();
void parallel_process_termination();

gnpno = E->mesh.npno;
gneq = E->mesh.neq;
npno = E->lmesh.npno;
neq = E->lmesh.neq;
lev = E->mesh.levmax;

for (m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)   {
F[m] = (double *)malloc(neq*sizeof(double));
r1[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
r2[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
z1[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
s1[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
s2[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
}

time0 = CPU_time0();
count = 0;

/* copy the original force vector since we need to keep it intact
between iterations */
for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
for(j=0;j<neq;j++)
F[m][j] = FF[m][j];

/* calculate the contribution of compressibility in the continuity eqn */
if(E->control.inv_gruneisen != 0) {
for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
for(j=1;j<=npno;j++)
r2[m][j] = 0.0;

assemble_c_u(E, V, r2, lev);
}

/* calculate the initial velocity residual */
v_res = initial_vel_residual(E, V, P, F, imp);

/* initial residual r1 = div(V) */
assemble_div_u(E, V, r1, lev);

/* add the contribution of compressibility to the initial residual */
if(E->control.inv_gruneisen != 0)
for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
for(j=1;j<=npno;j++) {
r1[m][j] += r2[m][j];
}

residual = incompressibility_residual(E, V, r1);

sq_vdotv = sqrt(E->monitor.vdotv);

/* pressure and velocity corrections */
dpressure = 1.0;
dvelocity = 1.0;

if (E->control.print_convergence && E->parallel.me==0)  {
print_convergence_progress(E, count, time0, sq_vdotv,
dvelocity, dpressure);
}

r0dotz0 = 0;

while( (count < *steps_max) &&
(E->monitor.incompressibility >= E->control.tole_comp) &&
(dpressure >= imp) && (dvelocity >= imp) )  {

/* preconditioner BPI ~= inv(K), z1 = BPI*r1 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
z1[m][j] = E->BPI[lev][m][j] * r1[m][j];

/* r1dotz1 = <r1, z1> */
r1dotz1 = global_pdot(E, r1, z1, lev);
assert(r1dotz1 != 0.0  /* Division by zero in head of incompressibility iteration */);

/* update search direction */
if(count == 0)
for (m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
s2[m][j] = z1[m][j];
else {
/* s2 = z1 + s1 * <r1,z1>/<r0,z0> */
delta = r1dotz1 / r0dotz0;
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
s2[m][j] = z1[m][j] + delta * s1[m][j];
}

/* solve K*u1 = grad(s2) for u1 */
valid = solve_del2_u(E, E->u1, F, imp*v_res, lev);
if(!valid && (E->parallel.me==0)) {
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 1\n", stderr);
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 1\n", E->fp);
}
strip_bcs_from_residual(E, E->u1, lev);

/* F = div(u1) */
assemble_div_u(E, E->u1, F, lev);

/* alpha = <r1, z1> / <s2, F> */
if(valid)
/* alpha defined this way is the same as R&W */
alpha = r1dotz1 / global_pdot(E, s2, F, lev);
else
alpha = 0.0;

/* r2 = r1 - alpha * div(u1) */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
r2[m][j] = r1[m][j] - alpha * F[m][j];

/* P = P + alpha * s2 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
P[m][j] += alpha * s2[m][j];

/* V = V - alpha * u1 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=0; j<neq; j++)
V[m][j] -= alpha * E->u1[m][j];

/* compute velocity and incompressibility residual */
assemble_div_u(E, V, F, lev);
incompressibility_residual(E, V, F);

/* compute velocity and pressure corrections */
dpressure = alpha * sqrt(global_pdot(E, s2, s2, lev)
/ (1.0e-32 + global_pdot(E, P, P, lev)));
dvelocity = alpha * sqrt(global_vdot(E, E->u1, E->u1, lev)
/ (1.0e-32 + E->monitor.vdotv));

count++;

sq_vdotv = sqrt(E->monitor.vdotv);

if (E->control.print_convergence && E->parallel.me==0)  {
print_convergence_progress(E, count, time0, sq_vdotv,
dvelocity, dpressure);
}

/* shift array pointers */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++) {
shuffle[m] = s1[m];
s1[m] = s2[m];
s2[m] = shuffle[m];

shuffle[m] = r1[m];
r1[m] = r2[m];
r2[m] = shuffle[m];
}

/* shift <r0, z0> = <r1, z1> */
r0dotz0 = r1dotz1;

} /* end loop for conjugate gradient */

for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++) {
free((void *) F[m]);
free((void *) r1[m]);
free((void *) r2[m]);
free((void *) z1[m]);
free((void *) s1[m]);
free((void *) s2[m]);
}

*steps_max=count;

return(residual);
}

/* Solve compressible Stokes flow using
* bi-conjugate gradient stablized (BiCG-stab) iterations
*/

static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat_BiCG(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **FF,
double imp, int *steps_max)
{
void assemble_div_rho_u();
void assemble_del2_u();
void strip_bcs_from_residual();
int  solve_del2_u();
void parallel_process_termination();

double global_vdot(), global_pdot();
double CPU_time0();

int gnpno, gneq;
int npno, neq;
int m, j, count, lev;
int valid;

double alpha, beta, omega,sq_vdotv;
double r0dotrt, r1dotrt;
double residual, dpressure, dvelocity;

double *F[NCS];
double *r1[NCS], *r2[NCS], *pt[NCS], *p1[NCS], *p2[NCS];
double *rt[NCS], *v0[NCS], *s0[NCS], *st[NCS], *t0[NCS];
double *u0[NCS];
double *shuffle[NCS];

double time0, v_res;

gnpno = E->mesh.npno;
gneq = E->mesh.neq;
npno = E->lmesh.npno;
neq = E->lmesh.neq;
lev = E->mesh.levmax;

for (m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)   {
F[m] = (double *)malloc(neq*sizeof(double));
r1[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
r2[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
pt[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
p1[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
p2[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
rt[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
v0[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
s0[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
st[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
t0[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));

u0[m] = (double *)malloc(neq*sizeof(double));
}

time0 = CPU_time0();
count = 0;

/* copy the original force vector since we need to keep it intact
between iterations */
for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
for(j=0;j<neq;j++)
F[m][j] = FF[m][j];

/* calculate the initial velocity residual */
v_res = initial_vel_residual(E, V, P, F, imp);

/* initial residual r1 = div(rho_ref*V) */
assemble_div_rho_u(E, V, r1, lev);
residual = incompressibility_residual(E, V, r1);

/* initial conjugate residual rt = r1 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
rt[m][j] = r1[m][j];

sq_vdotv = sqrt(E->monitor.vdotv);

/* pressure and velocity corrections */
dpressure = 1.0;
dvelocity = 1.0;

if (E->control.print_convergence && E->parallel.me==0)  {
print_convergence_progress(E, count, time0, sq_vdotv,
dvelocity, dpressure);
}

valid = 1;
r0dotrt = alpha = omega = 0;

while( (count < *steps_max) &&
((E->monitor.incompressibility >= E->control.tole_comp) &&
(dpressure >= imp) && (dvelocity >= imp)) )  {

/* r1dotrt = <r1, rt> */
r1dotrt = global_pdot(E, r1, rt, lev);
if(r1dotrt == 0.0) {
/* XXX: can we resume the computation when BiCGstab failed? */
fprintf(E->fp, "BiCGstab method failed!!\n");
fprintf(stderr, "BiCGstab method failed!!\n");
parallel_process_termination();
}

/* update search direction */
if(count == 0)
for (m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
p2[m][j] = r1[m][j];
else {
/* p2 = r1 + <r1,rt>/<r0,rt> * alpha/omega * (p1 - omega*v0) */
beta = (r1dotrt / r0dotrt) * (alpha / omega);
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
p2[m][j] = r1[m][j] + beta
* (p1[m][j] - omega * v0[m][j]);
}

/* preconditioner BPI ~= inv(K), pt = BPI*p2 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
pt[m][j] = E->BPI[lev][m][j] * p2[m][j];

/* solve K*u0 = grad(pt) for u1 */
valid = solve_del2_u(E, u0, F, imp*v_res, lev);
if(!valid && (E->parallel.me==0)) {
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 1\n", stderr);
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 1\n", E->fp);
}
strip_bcs_from_residual(E, u0, lev);

/* v0 = div(rho_ref*u0) */
assemble_div_rho_u(E, u0, v0, lev);

/* alpha = r1dotrt / <rt, v0> */
alpha = r1dotrt / global_pdot(E, rt, v0, lev);

/* s0 = r1 - alpha * v0 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
s0[m][j] = r1[m][j] - alpha * v0[m][j];

/* preconditioner BPI ~= inv(K), st = BPI*s0 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
st[m][j] = E->BPI[lev][m][j] * s0[m][j];

/* solve K*u1 = grad(st) for u1 */
valid = solve_del2_u(E, E->u1, F, imp*v_res, lev);
if(!valid && (E->parallel.me==0)) {
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 2\n", stderr);
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 2\n", E->fp);
}
strip_bcs_from_residual(E, E->u1, lev);

/* t0 = div(rho_ref * u1) */
assemble_div_rho_u(E, E->u1, t0, lev);

/* omega = <t0, s0> / <t0, t0> */
omega = global_pdot(E, t0, s0, lev) / global_pdot(E, t0, t0, lev);

/* r2 = s0 - omega * t0 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
r2[m][j] = s0[m][j] - omega * t0[m][j];

/* P = P + alpha * pt + omega * st */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
s0[m][j] = alpha * pt[m][j] + omega * st[m][j];

for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=1; j<=npno; j++)
P[m][j] += s0[m][j];

/* V = V - alpha * u0 - omega * u1 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=0; j<neq; j++)
F[m][j] = alpha * u0[m][j] + omega * E->u1[m][j];

for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(j=0; j<neq; j++)
V[m][j] -= F[m][j];

/* compute velocity and incompressibility residual */
assemble_div_rho_u(E, V, t0, lev);
incompressibility_residual(E, V, t0);

/* compute velocity and pressure corrections */
dpressure = sqrt( global_pdot(E, s0, s0, lev)
/ (1.0e-32 + global_pdot(E, P, P, lev)) );
dvelocity = sqrt( global_vdot(E, F, F, lev)
/ (1.0e-32 + E->monitor.vdotv) );

count++;

sq_vdotv = sqrt(E->monitor.vdotv);

if(E->control.print_convergence && E->parallel.me==0) {
print_convergence_progress(E, count, time0, sq_vdotv,
dvelocity, dpressure);
}

/* shift array pointers */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++) {
shuffle[m] = p1[m];
p1[m] = p2[m];
p2[m] = shuffle[m];

shuffle[m] = r1[m];
r1[m] = r2[m];
r2[m] = shuffle[m];
}

/* shift <r0, rt> = <r1, rt> */
r0dotrt = r1dotrt;

} /* end loop for conjugate gradient */

for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++) {
free((void *) F[m]);
free((void *) r1[m]);
free((void *) r2[m]);
free((void *) pt[m]);
free((void *) p1[m]);
free((void *) p2[m]);
free((void *) rt[m]);
free((void *) v0[m]);
free((void *) s0[m]);
free((void *) st[m]);
free((void *) t0[m]);

free((void *) u0[m]);
}

*steps_max=count;

return(residual);

}

/* Solve compressible Stokes flow using
* conjugate gradient (CG) iterations with an outer iteration
*/

static float solve_Ahat_p_fhat_iterCG(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp, int *steps_max)
{
int m, i;
int cycles, num_of_loop;
double residual;
double relative_err_v, relative_err_p;
double *old_v[NCS], *old_p[NCS],*diff_v[NCS],*diff_p[NCS];

const int npno = E->lmesh.npno;
const int neq = E->lmesh.neq;
const int lev = E->mesh.levmax;

double global_vdot(),global_pdot();

for (m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)   {
old_v[m] = (double *)malloc(neq*sizeof(double));
diff_v[m] = (double *)malloc(neq*sizeof(double));
old_p[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
diff_p[m] = (double *)malloc((npno+1)*sizeof(double));
}

cycles = E->control.p_iterations;

residual = 1.0;
relative_err_v = 1.0;
relative_err_p = 1.0;
num_of_loop = 0;

while((relative_err_v >= E->control.relative_err_accuracy ||
relative_err_p >= E->control.relative_err_accuracy) &&
num_of_loop <= E->control.compress_iter_maxstep) {

for (m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++) {
for(i=0;i<neq;i++) old_v[m][i] = V[m][i];
for(i=1;i<=npno;i++) old_p[m][i] = P[m][i];
}

residual = solve_Ahat_p_fhat_CG(E,V,P,F,E->control.accuracy,&cycles);

for (m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
for(i=0;i<neq;i++) diff_v[m][i] = V[m][i] - old_v[m][i];

relative_err_v = sqrt( global_vdot(E,diff_v,diff_v,lev) /
(1.0e-32 + global_vdot(E,V,V,lev)) );

for (m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
for(i=1;i<=npno;i++) diff_p[m][i] = P[m][i] - old_p[m][i];

relative_err_p = sqrt( global_pdot(E,diff_p,diff_p,lev) /
(1.0e-32 + global_pdot(E,P,P,lev)) );

num_of_loop++;

if(E->parallel.me == 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Relative error err_v / v = %e and err_p / p = %e after %d loops\n\n", relative_err_v, relative_err_p, num_of_loop);
fprintf(E->fp, "Relative error err_v / v = %e and err_p / p = %e after %d loops\n\n", relative_err_v, relative_err_p, num_of_loop);
}

} /* end of while */

for (m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)   {
free((void *) old_v[m]);
free((void *) old_p[m]);
free((void *) diff_v[m]);
free((void *) diff_p[m]);
}

return(residual);
}

static double initial_vel_residual(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **P, double **F,
double imp)
{
void assemble_del2_u();
void strip_bcs_from_residual();
int  solve_del2_u();
double global_vdot();

int neq = E->lmesh.neq;
int gneq = E->mesh.neq;
int lev = E->mesh.levmax;
int i, m, valid;
double v_res;

v_res = sqrt(global_vdot(E, F, F, lev) / gneq);

if (E->parallel.me==0) {
fprintf(E->fp, "initial residue of momentum equation F %.9e %d\n",
v_res, gneq);
fprintf(stderr, "initial residue of momentum equation F %.9e %d\n",
v_res, gneq);
}

/* F = F - grad(P) - K*V */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(i=0; i<neq; i++)
F[m][i] = F[m][i] - E->u1[m][i];

assemble_del2_u(E, V, E->u1, lev, 1);
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(i=0; i<neq; i++)
F[m][i] = F[m][i] - E->u1[m][i];

strip_bcs_from_residual(E, F, lev);

/* solve K*u1 = F for u1 */
valid = solve_del2_u(E, E->u1, F, imp*v_res, lev);
if(!valid && (E->parallel.me==0)) {
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 0\n", stderr);
fputs("Warning: solver not converging! 0\n", E->fp);
}
strip_bcs_from_residual(E, E->u1, lev);

/* V = V + u1 */
for(m=1; m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc; m++)
for(i=0; i<neq; i++)
V[m][i] += E->u1[m][i];

return(v_res);
}

static double incompressibility_residual(struct All_variables *E,
double **V, double **r)
{
double global_pdot();
double global_vdot();

int gnpno = E->mesh.npno;
int gneq = E->mesh.neq;
int lev = E->mesh.levmax;
double tmp1, tmp2;

/* incompressiblity residual = norm(r) / norm(V) */

tmp1 = global_vdot(E, V, V, lev);
tmp2 = global_pdot(E, r, r, lev);
E->monitor.incompressibility = sqrt((gneq / gnpno)
*( (1.0e-32 + tmp2)
/ (1.0e-32 + tmp1) ));

E->monitor.vdotv = tmp1;

return(sqrt(tmp2/gnpno));;
}
``````