swh:1:snp:bbc0b94b1c0463480b615c86f1ae2df3fcc700c0
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Tip revision: c455f23349da640f38c0a83c7127c199e7d95430 authored by Karline Soetaert on 19 July 2009, 00:00 UTC
version 1.1
Tip revision: c455f23
setup.grid.1D.Rd
\name{setup.grid.1D}
\alias{setup.grid.1D}
\alias{plot.grid.1D}
\title{
  Creates a One-Dimensional Finite Difference Grid
}
\description{
  Subdivides the one-dimensional model domain into one or more zones that
  are each sub-divided into grid cells. The resulting grid structure can be
  used in the other \code{ReacTran} functions.

  The grid structure is characterized by the position of the middle of
  the grid cells (\code{x.mid}) and the position of the interfaces between
  grid cells (\code{x.int}).

  Distances are calculated between the interfaces (\code{dx}), i.e. the
  thickness of the grid cells. An auxiliary set of distances (\code{dx.aux})
  is calculated between the points where the concentrations are specified
  (at the center of each grid cell and the two external interfaces).

  A more complex grid consisting of multiple zones can be constructed when
  specifying the endpoints of ech zone (\code{x.down}), the interval length
  (\code{L}), and the number of layers in each zone (\code{N}) as vectors.
  In each zone, one can control the grid resolution near the upstream and
  downstream boundary.
  The grid resolution at the upstream interface changes according to the
  power law relation \code{dx[i+1] = min(max.dx.1,p.dx.1*dx[i])},
  where \code{p.dx.1} determines the rate of increase and \code{max.dx.1}
  puts an upper limit on the grid cell size.

  A similar formula controls the resolution at the downstream interface.
  This allows refinement of the grid near the interfaces.
}

\usage{
setup.grid.1D(x.up=0, x.down=NULL, L=NULL, N=NULL, dx.1=NULL,
  p.dx.1=rep(1,length(L)), max.dx.1=L, dx.N=NULL,
  p.dx.N=rep(1,length(L)), max.dx.N=L)

\method{plot}{grid.1D}(x, \dots)

}

\arguments{
  \item{x.up }{position of the upstream interface; one value
  }
  \item{x.down }{position of the endpoint of each zone; one value when the
    model domain covers only one zone (\code{x.down} = position of downstream
    interface), or a vector of length M when the model domain is divided into
    M zones (\code{x.down[M]} = position of downstream interface)
  }
  \item{L }{thickness of zones; one value (model domain = one zone) or a
    vector of length M (model domain = M zones)
  }
  \item{N }{number of grid cells within a zone; one value or a vector of
    length M
  }
  \item{dx.1 }{size of the first grid cell in a zone; one value or a vector
    of length M
  }
  \item{p.dx.1 }{power factor controlling the increase in grid cell size near
    the upstream boundary; one value or a vector of length M. The default
    value is 1 (constant grid cell size)
  }
  \item{max.dx.1 }{maximum grid cell size in the upstream half of the zone;
    one value or a vector of length M
  }
  \item{dx.N }{size of the last grid cell in a zone; one value or a vector
    of length M
  }
  \item{p.dx.N }{power factor controlling the increase in grid cell size near the
    downstream boundary; one value or a vector of length M. The default value
    is 1 (constant grid cell size)
  }
  \item{max.dx.N }{maximum grid cell size in the downstream half of the zone;
    one value or a vector of length M
  }
  
  \item{x }{the object of class \code{grid.1D} that needs plotting
  }
  \item{...}{additional arguments passed to the function \link{plot}
  }
}

\value{
  a list of type \code{grid.1D} containing:

  \item{N }{the total number of grid cells
  }
  \item{x.up }{position of the upstream interface; one value
  }
  \item{x.down }{position of the downstream interface; one value
  }
  \item{x.mid }{position of the middle of the grid cells;
    vector of length \code{N}
  }
  \item{x.int }{position of the interfaces of the grid cells;
    vector of length \code{N+1}
  }
  \item{dx }{distance between adjacent cell interfaces (thickness of grid
    cells); vector of length \code{N}
  }
  \item{dx.aux }{auxiliary vector containing the distance between adjacent
    cell centers; at the upper and lower boundary calculated as
    (\code{x[1]-x.up}) and (\code{x.down-x[N]}) respectively; vector of
    length \code{N+1}
  }
}

\author{
  Filip Meysman <f.meysman@nioo.knaw.nl>,
  Karline Soetaert <k.soetaert@nioo.knaw.nl>
}

\examples{
# one zone, constant resolution
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,N=10))
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,dx.1=1))
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,dx.N=1))
plot(GR)

# one zone, constant resolution, origin not zero
(GR<-setup.grid.1D(x.up=5,x.down=10,N=10))
plot(GR)

# one zone, variable resolution
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,dx.1=1,p.dx.1=1.2))
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,dx.N=1,p.dx.N=1.2))
plot(GR)

# one zone, variable resolution, imposed number of layers
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,N=6,dx.1=1,p.dx.1=1.2))
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=10,N=6,dx.N=1,p.dx.N=1.2))
plot(GR)

# one zone, higher resolution near upstream and downstream interfaces
(GR<-setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,x.down=10,
dx.1=0.1,p.dx.1=1.2,dx.N=0.1,p.dx.N=1.2))
plot(GR)

# one zone, higher resolution near upstream and downstream interfaces
# imposed number of layers 
(GR<-setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,x.down=10, N=20,
dx.1=0.1,p.dx.1=1.2,dx.N=0.1,p.dx.N=1.2))
plot(GR)

# two zones, higher resolution near the upstream
# and downstream interface
(GR<-setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=c(5,5),dx.1=c(0.2,0.2),p.dx.1=c(1.1,1.1),
                   dx.N=c(0.2,0.2),p.dx.N=c(1.1,1.1)))
plot(GR)

# two zones, higher resolution near the upstream
# and downstream interface
# the number of grid cells in each zone is imposed via N
(GR <- setup.grid.1D(x.up=0,L=c(5,5),N=c(20,10),dx.1=c(0.2,0.2),
             p.dx.1=c(1.1,1.1),dx.N=c(0.2,0.2),p.dx.N=c(1.1,1.1)))
plot(GR)
}
\keyword{utilities}

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