subroutine dqk51r(f,a,b,result,abserr,resabs,resasc,i) c***begin prologue dqk51 c***date written 800101 (yymmdd) c***revision date 830518 (yymmdd) c***category no. h2a1a2 c***keywords 51-point gauss-kronrod rules c***author piessens,robert,appl. math. & progr. div. - k.u.leuven c de doncker,elise,appl. math & progr. div. - k.u.leuven c***purpose to compute i = integral of f over (a,b) with error c estimate c j = integral of abs(f) over (a,b) c***description c c integration rules c standard fortran subroutine c double precision version c c parameters c on entry c f - double precision c function subroutine defining the integrand c function f(x). the actual name for f needs to be c declared e x t e r n a l in the calling program. c c a - double precision c lower limit of integration c c b - double precision c upper limit of integration c c on return c result - double precision c approximation to the integral i c result is computed by applying the 51-point c kronrod rule (resk) obtained by optimal addition c of abscissae to the 25-point gauss rule (resg). c c abserr - double precision c estimate of the modulus of the absolute error, c which should not exceed abs(i-result) c c resabs - double precision c approximation to the integral j c c resasc - double precision c approximation to the integral of abs(f-i/(b-a)) c over (a,b) c c***references (none) c***routines called d1mach c***end prologue dqk51 c double precision a,absc,abserr,b,centr,dabs,dhlgth,dmax1,dmin1, * d1mach,epmach,f,fc,fsum,fval1,fval2,fv1,fv2,hlgth,resabs,resasc, * resg,resk,reskh,result,uflow,wg,wgk,xgk integer j,jtw,jtwm1,i external f c dimension fv1(25),fv2(25),xgk(26),wgk(26),wg(13) c c the abscissae and weights are given for the interval (-1,1). c because of symmetry only the positive abscissae and their c corresponding weights are given. c c xgk - abscissae of the 51-point kronrod rule c xgk(2), xgk(4), ... abscissae of the 25-point c gauss rule c xgk(1), xgk(3), ... abscissae which are optimally c added to the 25-point gauss rule c c wgk - weights of the 51-point kronrod rule c c wg - weights of the 25-point gauss rule c c c gauss quadrature weights and kronron quadrature abscissae and weights c as evaluated with 80 decimal digit arithmetic by l. w. fullerton, c bell labs, nov. 1981. c data wg ( 1) / 0.0113937985 0102628794 7902964113 235 d0 / data wg ( 2) / 0.0263549866 1503213726 1901815295 299 d0 / data wg ( 3) / 0.0409391567 0130631265 5623487711 646 d0 / data wg ( 4) / 0.0549046959 7583519192 5936891540 473 d0 / data wg ( 5) / 0.0680383338 1235691720 7187185656 708 d0 / data wg ( 6) / 0.0801407003 3500101801 3234959669 111 d0 / data wg ( 7) / 0.0910282619 8296364981 1497220702 892 d0 / data wg ( 8) / 0.1005359490 6705064420 2206890392 686 d0 / data wg ( 9) / 0.1085196244 7426365311 6093957050 117 d0 / data wg ( 10) / 0.1148582591 4571164833 9325545869 556 d0 / data wg ( 11) / 0.1194557635 3578477222 8178126512 901 d0 / data wg ( 12) / 0.1222424429 9031004168 8959518945 852 d0 / data wg ( 13) / 0.1231760537 2671545120 3902873079 050 d0 / c data xgk ( 1) / 0.9992621049 9260983419 3457486540 341 d0 / data xgk ( 2) / 0.9955569697 9049809790 8784946893 902 d0 / data xgk ( 3) / 0.9880357945 3407724763 7331014577 406 d0 / data xgk ( 4) / 0.9766639214 5951751149 8315386479 594 d0 / data xgk ( 5) / 0.9616149864 2584251241 8130033660 167 d0 / data xgk ( 6) / 0.9429745712 2897433941 4011169658 471 d0 / data xgk ( 7) / 0.9207471152 8170156174 6346084546 331 d0 / data xgk ( 8) / 0.8949919978 7827536885 1042006782 805 d0 / data xgk ( 9) / 0.8658470652 9327559544 8996969588 340 d0 / data xgk ( 10) / 0.8334426287 6083400142 1021108693 570 d0 / data xgk ( 11) / 0.7978737979 9850005941 0410904994 307 d0 / data xgk ( 12) / 0.7592592630 3735763057 7282865204 361 d0 / data xgk ( 13) / 0.7177664068 1308438818 6654079773 298 d0 / data xgk ( 14) / 0.6735663684 7346836448 5120633247 622 d0 / data xgk ( 15) / 0.6268100990 1031741278 8122681624 518 d0 / data xgk ( 16) / 0.5776629302 4122296772 3689841612 654 d0 / data xgk ( 17) / 0.5263252843 3471918259 9623778158 010 d0 / data xgk ( 18) / 0.4730027314 4571496052 2182115009 192 d0 / data xgk ( 19) / 0.4178853821 9303774885 1814394594 572 d0 / data xgk ( 20) / 0.3611723058 0938783773 5821730127 641 d0 / data xgk ( 21) / 0.3030895389 3110783016 7478909980 339 d0 / data xgk ( 22) / 0.2438668837 2098843204 5190362797 452 d0 / data xgk ( 23) / 0.1837189394 2104889201 5969888759 528 d0 / data xgk ( 24) / 0.1228646926 1071039638 7359818808 037 d0 / data xgk ( 25) / 0.0615444830 0568507888 6546392366 797 d0 / data xgk ( 26) / 0.0000000000 0000000000 0000000000 000 d0 / c data wgk ( 1) / 0.0019873838 9233031592 6507851882 843 d0 / data wgk ( 2) / 0.0055619321 3535671375 8040236901 066 d0 / data wgk ( 3) / 0.0094739733 8617415160 7207710523 655 d0 / data wgk ( 4) / 0.0132362291 9557167481 3656405846 976 d0 / data wgk ( 5) / 0.0168478177 0912829823 1516667536 336 d0 / data wgk ( 6) / 0.0204353711 4588283545 6568292235 939 d0 / data wgk ( 7) / 0.0240099456 0695321622 0092489164 881 d0 / data wgk ( 8) / 0.0274753175 8785173780 2948455517 811 d0 / data wgk ( 9) / 0.0307923001 6738748889 1109020215 229 d0 / data wgk ( 10) / 0.0340021302 7432933783 6748795229 551 d0 / data wgk ( 11) / 0.0371162714 8341554356 0330625367 620 d0 / data wgk ( 12) / 0.0400838255 0403238207 4839284467 076 d0 / data wgk ( 13) / 0.0428728450 2017004947 6895792439 495 d0 / data wgk ( 14) / 0.0455029130 4992178890 9870584752 660 d0 / data wgk ( 15) / 0.0479825371 3883671390 6392255756 915 d0 / data wgk ( 16) / 0.0502776790 8071567196 3325259433 440 d0 / data wgk ( 17) / 0.0523628858 0640747586 4366712137 873 d0 / data wgk ( 18) / 0.0542511298 8854549014 4543370459 876 d0 / data wgk ( 19) / 0.0559508112 2041231730 8240686382 747 d0 / data wgk ( 20) / 0.0574371163 6156783285 3582693939 506 d0 / data wgk ( 21) / 0.0586896800 2239420796 1974175856 788 d0 / data wgk ( 22) / 0.0597203403 2417405997 9099291932 562 d0 / data wgk ( 23) / 0.0605394553 7604586294 5360267517 565 d0 / data wgk ( 24) / 0.0611285097 1705304830 5859030416 293 d0 / data wgk ( 25) / 0.0614711898 7142531666 1544131965 264 d0 / c note: wgk (26) was calculated from the values of wgk(1..25) data wgk ( 26) / 0.0615808180 6783293507 8759824240 066 d0 / c c c list of major variables c ----------------------- c c centr - mid point of the interval c hlgth - half-length of the interval c absc - abscissa c fval* - function value c resg - result of the 25-point gauss formula c resk - result of the 51-point kronrod formula c reskh - approximation to the mean value of f over (a,b), c i.e. to i/(b-a) c c machine dependent constants c --------------------------- c c epmach is the largest relative spacing. c uflow is the smallest positive magnitude. c c***first executable statement dqk51 epmach = d1mach(4) uflow = d1mach(1) c centr = 0.5d+00*(a+b) hlgth = 0.5d+00*(b-a) dhlgth = dabs(hlgth) c c compute the 51-point kronrod approximation to c the integral, and estimate the absolute error. c fc = f(centr,i) resg = wg(13)*fc resk = wgk(26)*fc resabs = dabs(resk) do 10 j=1,12 jtw = j*2 absc = hlgth*xgk(jtw) fval1 = f(centr-absc,i) fval2 = f(centr+absc,i) fv1(jtw) = fval1 fv2(jtw) = fval2 fsum = fval1+fval2 resg = resg+wg(j)*fsum resk = resk+wgk(jtw)*fsum resabs = resabs+wgk(jtw)*(dabs(fval1)+dabs(fval2)) 10 continue do 15 j = 1,13 jtwm1 = j*2-1 absc = hlgth*xgk(jtwm1) fval1 = f(centr-absc,i) fval2 = f(centr+absc,i) fv1(jtwm1) = fval1 fv2(jtwm1) = fval2 fsum = fval1+fval2 resk = resk+wgk(jtwm1)*fsum resabs = resabs+wgk(jtwm1)*(dabs(fval1)+dabs(fval2)) 15 continue reskh = resk*0.5d+00 resasc = wgk(26)*dabs(fc-reskh) do 20 j=1,25 resasc = resasc+wgk(j)*(dabs(fv1(j)-reskh)+dabs(fv2(j)-reskh)) 20 continue result = resk*hlgth resabs = resabs*dhlgth resasc = resasc*dhlgth abserr = dabs((resk-resg)*hlgth) if(resasc.ne.0.0d+00.and.abserr.ne.0.0d+00) * abserr = resasc*dmin1(0.1d+01,(0.2d+03*abserr/resasc)**1.5d+00) if(resabs.gt.uflow/(0.5d+02*epmach)) abserr = dmax1 * ((epmach*0.5d+02)*resabs,abserr) return end