##### https://github.com/cran/bayestestR

Tip revision:

**c349b1125b413a50f124f780f408b9e3f7167af3**authored by**Dominique Makowski**on**24 July 2024, 14:10:02 UTC****version 0.14.0** Tip revision:

**c349b11** diagnostic_posterior.Rd

```
% Generated by roxygen2: do not edit by hand
% Please edit documentation in R/diagnostic_posterior.R
\name{diagnostic_posterior}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior.default}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior.stanreg}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior.brmsfit}
\title{Posteriors Sampling Diagnostic}
\usage{
diagnostic_posterior(posterior, ...)
\method{diagnostic_posterior}{default}(posterior, diagnostic = c("ESS", "Rhat"), ...)
\method{diagnostic_posterior}{stanreg}(
posterior,
diagnostic = "all",
effects = c("fixed", "random", "all"),
component = c("location", "all", "conditional", "smooth_terms", "sigma",
"distributional", "auxiliary"),
parameters = NULL,
...
)
\method{diagnostic_posterior}{brmsfit}(
posterior,
diagnostic = "all",
effects = c("fixed", "random", "all"),
component = c("conditional", "zi", "zero_inflated", "all"),
parameters = NULL,
...
)
}
\arguments{
\item{posterior}{A \code{stanreg}, \code{stanfit}, \code{brmsfit}, or \code{blavaan} object.}
\item{...}{Currently not used.}
\item{diagnostic}{Diagnostic metrics to compute. Character (vector) or list
with one or more of these options: \code{"ESS"}, \code{"Rhat"}, \code{"MCSE"} or \code{"all"}.}
\item{effects}{Should parameters for fixed effects, random effects
or both be returned? Only applies to mixed models. May be abbreviated.}
\item{component}{Should all predictor variables, predictor variables for the
conditional model, the zero-inflated part of the model, the dispersion
term or the instrumental variables be returned? Applies to models
with zero-inflated and/or dispersion formula, or to models with instrumental
variable (so called fixed-effects regressions). May be abbreviated. Note that the
\emph{conditional} component is also called \emph{count} or \emph{mean}
component, depending on the model.}
\item{parameters}{Regular expression pattern that describes the parameters that
should be returned.}
}
\description{
Extract diagnostic metrics (Effective Sample Size (\code{ESS}), \code{Rhat} and Monte
Carlo Standard Error \code{MCSE}).
}
\details{
\strong{Effective Sample (ESS)} should be as large as possible, although for
most applications, an effective sample size greater than 1000 is sufficient
for stable estimates (\emph{Bürkner, 2017}). The ESS corresponds to the number of
independent samples with the same estimation power as the N autocorrelated
samples. It is is a measure of "how much independent information there is
in autocorrelated chains" (\emph{Kruschke 2015, p182-3}).
\strong{Rhat} should be the closest to 1. It should not be larger than 1.1
(\emph{Gelman and Rubin, 1992}) or 1.01 (\emph{Vehtari et al., 2019}). The split
Rhat statistic quantifies the consistency of an ensemble of Markov chains.
\strong{Monte Carlo Standard Error (MCSE)} is another measure of accuracy of the
chains. It is defined as standard deviation of the chains divided by their
effective sample size (the formula for \code{mcse()} is from Kruschke 2015, p.
187). The MCSE "provides a quantitative suggestion of how big the estimation
noise is".
}
\examples{
\dontshow{if (require("rstanarm") && require("brms")) (if (getRversion() >= "3.4") withAutoprint else force)(\{ # examplesIf}
\donttest{
# rstanarm models
# -----------------------------------------------
model <- suppressWarnings(
rstanarm::stan_glm(mpg ~ wt + gear, data = mtcars, chains = 2, iter = 200, refresh = 0)
)
diagnostic_posterior(model)
# brms models
# -----------------------------------------------
model <- brms::brm(mpg ~ wt + cyl, data = mtcars)
diagnostic_posterior(model)
}
\dontshow{\}) # examplesIf}
}
\references{
\itemize{
\item Gelman, A., & Rubin, D. B. (1992). Inference from iterative simulation
using multiple sequences. Statistical science, 7(4), 457-472.
\item Vehtari, A., Gelman, A., Simpson, D., Carpenter, B., and Bürkner, P. C.
(2019). Rank-normalization, folding, and localization: An improved Rhat
for assessing convergence of MCMC. arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.08008.
\item Kruschke, J. (2014). Doing Bayesian data analysis: A tutorial with R,
JAGS, and Stan. Academic Press.
}
}
```