https://github.com/geodynamics/citcoms
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Tip revision: 80d469e116108f7e0dada3ef59563953b9676f8c authored by Eh Tan on 09 December 2006, 00:27 UTC
Created a tag for v2.1.0 release
Tip revision: 80d469e
Viscosity_structures.c
/*
 *~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 *
 *<LicenseText>
 *
 * CitcomS by Louis Moresi, Shijie Zhong, Lijie Han, Eh Tan,
 * Clint Conrad, Michael Gurnis, and Eun-seo Choi.
 * Copyright (C) 1994-2005, California Institute of Technology.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 *
 *</LicenseText>
 *
 *~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 */
/* Functions relating to the determination of viscosity field either
   as a function of the run, as an initial condition or as specified from
   a previous file */


#include <math.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include "element_definitions.h"
#include "global_defs.h"
#include "parsing.h"


void viscosity_system_input(struct All_variables *E)
{
  int m=E->parallel.me;
  int i;

  /* default values .... */
  for(i=0;i<40;i++) {
    E->viscosity.N0[i]=1.0;
    E->viscosity.T[i] = 0.0;
    E->viscosity.Z[i] = 0.0;
    E->viscosity.E[i] = 0.0;
  }

  /* read in information */
  input_boolean("VISC_UPDATE",&(E->viscosity.update_allowed),"on",m);
  input_int("rheol",&(E->viscosity.RHEOL),"3",m);
  input_int("num_mat",&(E->viscosity.num_mat),"1",m);
  input_float_vector("visc0",E->viscosity.num_mat,(E->viscosity.N0),m);

  input_boolean("TDEPV",&(E->viscosity.TDEPV),"on",m);
  if (E->viscosity.TDEPV) {
    input_float_vector("viscT",E->viscosity.num_mat,(E->viscosity.T),m);
    input_float_vector("viscE",E->viscosity.num_mat,(E->viscosity.E),m);
    input_float_vector("viscZ",E->viscosity.num_mat,(E->viscosity.Z),m);
  }


  E->viscosity.sdepv_misfit = 1.0;
  input_boolean("SDEPV",&(E->viscosity.SDEPV),"off",m);
  if (E->viscosity.SDEPV) {
    input_float("sdepv_misfit",&(E->viscosity.sdepv_misfit),"0.001",m);
    input_float_vector("sdepv_expt",E->viscosity.num_mat,(E->viscosity.sdepv_expt),m);
  }

  input_boolean("VMAX",&(E->viscosity.MAX),"off",m);
  if (E->viscosity.MAX)
    input_float("visc_max",&(E->viscosity.max_value),"1e22,1,nomax",m);

  input_boolean("VMIN",&(E->viscosity.MIN),"off",m);
  if (E->viscosity.MIN)
    input_float("visc_min",&(E->viscosity.min_value),"1e20",m);

  return;
}


void viscosity_input(struct All_variables *E)
{
  int m = E->parallel.me;

  input_string("Viscosity",E->viscosity.STRUCTURE,NULL,m);
  input_int ("visc_smooth_method",&(E->viscosity.smooth_cycles),"0",m);

  if ( strcmp(E->viscosity.STRUCTURE,"system") == 0)
    E->viscosity.FROM_SYSTEM = 1;
  else
    E->viscosity.FROM_SYSTEM = 0;

  if (E->viscosity.FROM_SYSTEM)
    viscosity_system_input(E);

  return;
}



/* ============================================ */

void get_system_viscosity(E,propogate,evisc,visc)
     struct All_variables *E;
     int propogate;
     float **evisc,**visc;
{
    void visc_from_mat();
    void visc_from_T();
    void visc_from_S();
    void apply_viscosity_smoother();
    void visc_to_node_interpolate();
    void visc_from_nodes_to_gint();
    void visc_from_gint_to_nodes();


    int i,j,m;
    float temp1,temp2,*vvvis;
    double *TG;

    const int vpts = vpoints[E->mesh.nsd];

    if(E->viscosity.TDEPV)
       visc_from_T(E,evisc,propogate);
    else
       visc_from_mat(E,evisc);

    if(E->viscosity.SDEPV)
       visc_from_S(E,evisc,propogate);

    if(E->viscosity.MAX) {
      for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
        for(i=1;i<=E->lmesh.nel;i++)
          for(j=1;j<=vpts;j++)
            if(evisc[m][(i-1)*vpts + j] > E->viscosity.max_value)
               evisc[m][(i-1)*vpts + j] = E->viscosity.max_value;
      }

    if(E->viscosity.MIN) {
      for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
        for(i=1;i<=E->lmesh.nel;i++)
          for(j=1;j<=vpts;j++)
            if(evisc[m][(i-1)*vpts + j] < E->viscosity.min_value)
               evisc[m][(i-1)*vpts + j] = E->viscosity.min_value;
      }

    /*
 if (E->control.verbose)  {
    fprintf(E->fp_out,"output_evisc \n");
    for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++) {
      fprintf(E->fp_out,"output_evisc for cap %d\n",E->sphere.capid[m]);
      for(i=1;i<=E->lmesh.nel;i++)
        fprintf(E->fp_out,"%d %d %f %f\n",i,E->mat[m][i],evisc[m][(i-1)*vpts+1],evisc[m][(i-1)*vpts+7]);
      }
    fflush(E->fp_out);
    }
    */

    visc_from_gint_to_nodes(E,evisc,visc,E->mesh.levmax);

    visc_from_nodes_to_gint(E,visc,evisc,E->mesh.levmax);

/*    visc_to_node_interpolate(E,evisc,visc);
*/

/*    for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++) {
      for(i=1;i<=E->lmesh.nel;i++)
	if (i%E->lmesh.elz==0) {
          fprintf(E->fp_out,"%.4e %.4e %.4e %5d %2d\n",E->eco[m][i].centre[1],E->eco[m][i].centre[2],log10(evisc[m][(i-1)*vpts+1]),i,E->mat[m][i]);

	  }
        }  */
 return;
}



void initial_viscosity(struct All_variables *E)
{
  if (E->viscosity.FROM_SYSTEM)
    get_system_viscosity(E,1,E->EVI[E->mesh.levmax],E->VI[E->mesh.levmax]);

  return;
}


void visc_from_mat(E,EEta)
     struct All_variables *E;
     float **EEta;
{

    int i,m,jj;

  for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
    for(i=1;i<=E->lmesh.nel;i++)
      for(jj=1;jj<=vpoints[E->mesh.nsd];jj++)
        EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpoints[E->mesh.nsd]+jj ]=E->viscosity.N0[E->mat[m][i]-1];

    return;
  }

void visc_from_T(E,EEta,propogate)
     struct All_variables *E;
     float **EEta;
     int propogate;
{
    int m,i,j,k,l,z,jj,kk,imark;
    float zero,e_6,one,eta0,Tave,depth,temp,tempa,temp1,TT[9];
    float zzz,zz[9];
    float visc1, visc2, tempa_exp;
    const int vpts = vpoints[E->mesh.nsd];
    const int ends = enodes[E->mesh.nsd];
    const int nel = E->lmesh.nel;

    e_6 = 1.e-6;
    one = 1.0;
    zero = 0.0;
    imark = 0;

    switch (E->viscosity.RHEOL)   {
    case 1:
      for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
        for(i=1;i<=nel;i++)   {
	  l = E->mat[m][i];

	  if(E->control.mat_control==0)
	      tempa = E->viscosity.N0[l-1];
	  else if(E->control.mat_control==1)
	      tempa = E->viscosity.N0[l-1]*E->VIP[m][i];

	  for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++) {
	    TT[kk] = E->T[m][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]];
	  }

	  for(jj=1;jj<=vpts;jj++) {
	    temp=0.0;
	    for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++)   {
	      temp += TT[kk] * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
	    }

	    EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = tempa*
		exp( E->viscosity.E[l-1] * (E->viscosity.T[l-1] - temp));

	  }
	}
      break;

    case 2:
      for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
        for(i=1;i<=nel;i++)   {
	  l = E->mat[m][i];

	  if(E->control.mat_control==0)
	      tempa = E->viscosity.N0[l-1];
	  else if(E->control.mat_control==1)
	      tempa = E->viscosity.N0[l-1]*E->VIP[m][i];

	  for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++) {
	    TT[kk] = E->T[m][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]];
	  }

	  for(jj=1;jj<=vpts;jj++) {
	    temp=0.0;
	    for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++)   {
	      temp += TT[kk] * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
	    }

	    EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = tempa*
		exp( -temp / E->viscosity.T[l-1]);

	  }
	}
      break;

    case 3:

      for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
        for(i=1;i<=nel;i++)   {
	  l = E->mat[m][i];
	  tempa = E->viscosity.N0[l-1];
	  j = 0;

	  for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++) {
	    TT[kk] = E->T[m][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]];
	    zz[kk] = (1.-E->sx[m][3][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]]);
	  }

	  for(jj=1;jj<=vpts;jj++) {
	    temp=0.0;
	    zzz=0.0;
	    for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++)   {
	      TT[kk]=max(TT[kk],zero);
	      temp += min(TT[kk],one) * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
	      zzz += zz[kk] * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
	    }

	    if(E->control.mat_control==0)
	      EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = tempa*
		exp( E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(temp+E->viscosity.T[l-1])
		     - E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(one +E->viscosity.T[l-1]) );

	    if(E->control.mat_control==1)
	      EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = tempa*E->VIP[m][i]*
		exp( E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(temp+E->viscosity.T[l-1])
		     - E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(one +E->viscosity.T[l-1]) );
	  }
	}
      break;

    case 4:

      for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
        for(i=1;i<=nel;i++)   {
          l = E->mat[m][i];
          tempa = E->viscosity.N0[l-1];
          j = 0;

          for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++) {
            TT[kk] = E->T[m][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]];
            zz[kk] = (1.-E->sx[m][3][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]]);
          }

          for(jj=1;jj<=vpts;jj++) {
            temp=0.0;
            zzz=0.0;
            for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++)   {
              TT[kk]=max(TT[kk],zero);
              temp += min(TT[kk],one) * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
              zzz += zz[kk] * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
            }

/* The viscosity formulation (dimensional) is: visc=visc0*exp[(Ea+p*Va)/R*T]
   Typical values for dry upper mantle are: Ea = 300 KJ/mol ; Va = 1.e-5 m^3/mol
   T=T0+DT*T'; where DT - temperature contrast (from Rayleigh number)
   T' - nondimensional temperature; T0 - surface tempereture (273 K)
   T=DT*[(T0/DT) + T'] => visc=visc0*exp{(Ea+p*Va)/R*DT*[(T0/DT) + T']}
   visc=visc0*exp{[(Ea/R*DT) + (p*Va/R*DT)]/[(T0/DT) + T']}
   so: E->viscosity.E = Ea/R*DT ; E->viscosity.Z = Va/R*DT
   p = zzz and E->viscosity.T = T0/DT */


            if(E->control.mat_control==0)
              EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = tempa*
                exp( (E->viscosity.E[l-1] +  E->viscosity.Z[l-1]*zzz )
                         / (E->viscosity.T[l-1]+temp) );



            if(E->control.mat_control==1)
              EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = tempa*E->VIP[m][i]*
                exp( (E->viscosity.E[l-1] +  E->viscosity.Z[l-1]*zzz )
                         / (E->viscosity.T[l-1]+temp) );

	    }
        }
      break;


    case 5:

      /* same as rheol 3, except alternative margin, VIP, formulation */
      for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)
        for(i=1;i<=nel;i++)   {
          l = E->mat[m][i];
          tempa = E->viscosity.N0[l-1];
          j = 0;

          for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++) {
            TT[kk] = E->T[m][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]];
            zz[kk] = (1.-E->sx[m][3][E->ien[m][i].node[kk]]);
          }

          for(jj=1;jj<=vpts;jj++) {
            temp=0.0;
            zzz=0.0;
            for(kk=1;kk<=ends;kk++)   {
              TT[kk]=max(TT[kk],zero);
              temp += min(TT[kk],one) * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
              zzz += zz[kk] * E->N.vpt[GNVINDEX(kk,jj)];
            }

            if(E->control.mat_control==0)
              EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = tempa*
		exp( E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(temp+E->viscosity.T[l-1])
		     - E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(one +E->viscosity.T[l-1]) );

            if(E->control.mat_control==1) {
               visc1 = E->VIP[m][i];
               visc2 = 2.0/(1./visc1 + 1.);
               tempa_exp = tempa*
	          exp( E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(temp+E->viscosity.T[l-1])
		     - E->viscosity.E[l-1]/(one +E->viscosity.T[l-1]) );
               visc1 = tempa*E->viscosity.max_value;
               if(tempa_exp > visc1) tempa_exp=visc1;
               EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ] = visc2*tempa_exp;
               /* if(E->parallel.me == 0 && visc1 < 1.0e-03)
                  fprintf(stderr,"%f  %f   %e  %e  %e\n",zzz,temp,visc1,visc2,
                          EEta[m][ (i-1)*vpts + jj ]); */
              }

	    }
        }
      break;




    }

    return;
}


void visc_from_S(E,EEta,propogate)
     struct All_variables *E;
     float **EEta;
     int propogate;
{
    float one,two,scale,stress_magnitude,depth,exponent1;
    float *eedot;

    void strain_rate_2_inv();
    int m,e,l,z,jj,kk;

    const int vpts = vpoints[E->mesh.nsd];
    const int nel = E->lmesh.nel;

    eedot = (float *) malloc((2+nel)*sizeof(float));
    one = 1.0;
    two = 2.0;

    for(m=1;m<=E->sphere.caps_per_proc;m++)  {
      strain_rate_2_inv(E,m,eedot,1);

      for(e=1;e<=nel;e++)   {
        exponent1= one/E->viscosity.sdepv_expt[E->mat[m][e]-1];
        scale=pow(eedot[e],exponent1-one);
        for(jj=1;jj<=vpts;jj++)
	  EEta[m][(e-1)*vpts + jj] = scale*pow(EEta[m][(e-1)*vpts+jj],exponent1);
      }
    }

    free ((void *)eedot);
    return;
}



void strain_rate_2_inv(E,m,EEDOT,SQRT)
     struct All_variables *E;
     float *EEDOT;
     int m,SQRT;
{
    void get_global_shape_fn();
    void velo_from_element();

    struct Shape_function GN;
    struct Shape_function_dA dOmega;
    struct Shape_function_dx GNx;

    double edot[4][4],dudx[4][4],rtf[4][9];
    float VV[4][9];

    int e,i,p,q,n,nel,k;

    const int dims = E->mesh.nsd;
    const int ends = enodes[dims];
    const int lev = E->mesh.levmax;
    const int nno = E->lmesh.nno;
    const int vpts = vpoints[dims];
    const int sphere_key = 0;

    nel = E->lmesh.nel;

    for(e=1;e<=nel;e++) {

      get_global_shape_fn(E,e,&GN,&GNx,&dOmega,2,sphere_key,rtf,lev,m);

      velo_from_element(E,VV,m,e,sphere_key);

      for(p=1;p<=dims;p++)
        for(q=1;q<=dims;q++)
           dudx[p][q] = 0.0;

      for(i=1;i<=ends;i++)
        for(p=1;p<=dims;p++)
           for(q=1;q<=dims;q++)
              dudx[p][q] += VV[p][i] * GNx.ppt[GNPXINDEX(q-1,i,1)];

      for(p=1;p<=dims;p++)
        for(q=1;q<=dims;q++)
            edot[p][q] = dudx[p][q] + dudx[q][p];

      if (dims==2)
         EEDOT[e] = edot[1][1]*edot[1][1] + edot[2][2]*edot[2][2]
                  + edot[1][2]*edot[1][2]*2.0;

      else if (dims==3)
         EEDOT[e] = edot[1][1]*edot[1][1] + edot[1][2]*edot[1][2]*2.0
                  + edot[2][2]*edot[2][2] + edot[2][3]*edot[2][3]*2.0
                  + edot[3][3]*edot[3][3] + edot[1][3]*edot[1][3]*2.0;

      }

    if(SQRT)
	for(e=1;e<=nel;e++)
	    EEDOT[e] =  sqrt(0.5 *EEDOT[e]);
    else
	for(e=1;e<=nel;e++)
	    EEDOT[e] *=  0.5;

    return;
}



void visc_to_node_interpolate(E,evisc,visc)
 struct All_variables *E;
 float **evisc,**visc;
{

/*  void exchange_node_f(); */
/*  void get_global_shape_fn(); */
/*  void return_horiz_ave_f(); */
/*  void sphere_interpolate(); */
/*  void print_interpolated(); */
/*  void gather_TG_to_me0(); */
/*  void parallel_process_termination(); */
/*  int i,j,k,e,node,snode,m,nel2; */
/*    FILE *fp; */
/*    char output_file[255]; */

/*  float *TG,t,f,rad, Szz; */

/*  double time1,CPU_time0(),tww[9],rtf[4][9]; */

/*  struct Shape_function GN; */
/*  struct Shape_function_dA dOmega; */
/*  struct Shape_function_dx GNx; */

/*  const int dims=E->mesh.nsd,dofs=E->mesh.dof; */
/*  const int vpts=vpoints[dims]; */
/*  const int ppts=ppoints[dims]; */
/*  const int ends=enodes[dims]; */
/*  const int nno=E->lmesh.nno; */
/*  const int lev=E->mesh.levmax; */


/*     TG =(float *)malloc((E->sphere.nsf+1)*sizeof(float)); */
/*     for (i=E->sphere.nox;i>=1;i--) */
/*       for (j=1;j<=E->sphere.noy;j++)  { */
/*            node = i + (j-1)*E->sphere.nox; */
/* 	   TG[node] = 0.0; */
/*   	   m = E->sphere.int_cap[node]; */
/* 	   e = E->sphere.int_ele[node]; */

/* 	   if (m>0 && e>0) { */
/* 	      e=e+E->lmesh.elz-1; */
/* 	      TG[node] = log10(evisc[m][(e-1)*vpts+1]); */
/* 	      } */
/* 	   } */

/*     gather_TG_to_me0(E,TG); */

/*     if (E->parallel.me==E->parallel.nprocz-1)  { */
/*      sprintf(output_file,"%s.evisc_intp",E->control.data_file); */
/*      fp=fopen(output_file,"w"); */

/*     rad = 180/M_PI; */
/*     for (i=E->sphere.nox;i>=1;i--) */
/*       for (j=1;j<=E->sphere.noy;j++)  { */
/*            node = i + (j-1)*E->sphere.nox; */
/*            t = 90-E->sphere.sx[1][node]*rad; */
/* 	   f = E->sphere.sx[2][node]*rad; */
/* 	   fprintf (fp,"%.3e %.3e %.4e\n",f,t,TG[node]); */
/* 	   } */
/*       fclose(fp); */
/*      } */

/*  free((void *)TG); */

   return;
   }

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