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Tip revision: **68a979e69aa2a1e57017730e1397470d5614d216** authored by ** Dominique Makowski ** on **02 September 2021, 23:10:30 UTC**

**version 0.11.0**

Tip revision: **68a979e**

diagnostic_posterior.Rd

```
% Generated by roxygen2: do not edit by hand
% Please edit documentation in R/diagnostic_posterior.R
\name{diagnostic_posterior}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior.stanreg}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior.stanmvreg}
\alias{diagnostic_posterior.brmsfit}
\title{Posteriors Sampling Diagnostic}
\usage{
diagnostic_posterior(posteriors, diagnostic = c("ESS", "Rhat"), ...)
\method{diagnostic_posterior}{stanreg}(
posteriors,
diagnostic = "all",
effects = c("fixed", "random", "all"),
component = c("location", "all", "conditional", "smooth_terms", "sigma",
"distributional", "auxiliary"),
parameters = NULL,
...
)
\method{diagnostic_posterior}{stanmvreg}(
posteriors,
diagnostic = "all",
effects = c("fixed", "random", "all"),
parameters = NULL,
...
)
\method{diagnostic_posterior}{brmsfit}(
posteriors,
diagnostic = "all",
effects = c("fixed", "random", "all"),
component = c("conditional", "zi", "zero_inflated", "all"),
parameters = NULL,
...
)
}
\arguments{
\item{posteriors}{A stanreg or brms model.}
\item{diagnostic}{Diagnostic metrics to compute. Character (vector) or list
with one or more of these options: \code{"ESS"}, \code{"Rhat"}, \code{"MCSE"} or \code{"all"}.}
\item{...}{Currently not used.}
\item{effects}{Should parameters for fixed effects, random effects
or both be returned? Only applies to mixed models. May be abbreviated.}
\item{component}{Which type of parameters to return, such as parameters for the
conditional model, the zero-inflated part of the model, the dispersion
term, the instrumental variables or marginal effects be returned? Applies
to models with zero-inflated and/or dispersion formula, or to models with
instrumental variables (so called fixed-effects regressions), or models
with marginal effects from \pkg{mfx}. May be abbreviated. Note that the
\emph{conditional} component is also called \emph{count} or \emph{mean}
component, depending on the model. There are three convenient shortcuts:
\code{component = "all"} returns all possible parameters.
If \code{component = "location"}, location parameters such as \code{conditional},
\code{zero_inflated}, \code{smooth_terms}, or \code{instruments} are returned
(everything that are fixed or random effects - depending on the \code{effects}
argument - but no auxiliary parameters). For \code{component = "distributional"}
(or \code{"auxiliary"}), components like \code{sigma}, \code{dispersion},
\code{beta} or \code{precision} (and other auxiliary parameters) are returned.}
\item{parameters}{Regular expression pattern that describes the parameters that
should be returned.}
}
\description{
Extract diagnostic metrics (Effective Sample Size (\code{ESS}), \code{Rhat} and Monte
Carlo Standard Error \code{MCSE}).
}
\details{
\strong{Effective Sample (ESS)} should be as large as possible, although for
most applications, an effective sample size greater than 1000 is sufficient
for stable estimates (Bürkner, 2017). The ESS corresponds to the number of
independent samples with the same estimation power as the N autocorrelated
samples. It is is a measure of \dQuote{how much independent information
there is in autocorrelated chains} (\cite{Kruschke 2015, p182-3}).
\cr \cr
\strong{Rhat} should be the closest to 1. It should not be larger than 1.1
(\cite{Gelman and Rubin, 1992}) or 1.01 (\cite{Vehtari et al., 2019}). The
split Rhat statistic quantifies the consistency of an ensemble of Markov
chains.
\cr \cr
\strong{Monte Carlo Standard Error (MCSE)} is another measure of accuracy of the
chains. It is defined as standard deviation of the chains divided by their
effective sample size (the formula for \code{mcse()} is from Kruschke 2015, p.
187). The MCSE \dQuote{provides a quantitative suggestion of how big the
estimation noise is}.
}
\examples{
\dontrun{
# rstanarm models
# -----------------------------------------------
if (require("rstanarm", quietly = TRUE)) {
model <- stan_glm(mpg ~ wt + gear, data = mtcars, chains = 2, iter = 200, refresh = 0)
diagnostic_posterior(model)
}
# brms models
# -----------------------------------------------
if (require("brms", quietly = TRUE)) {
model <- brms::brm(mpg ~ wt + cyl, data = mtcars)
diagnostic_posterior(model)
}
}
}
\references{
\itemize{
\item Gelman, A., & Rubin, D. B. (1992). Inference from iterative simulation using multiple sequences. Statistical science, 7(4), 457-472.
\item Vehtari, A., Gelman, A., Simpson, D., Carpenter, B., \& Bürkner, P. C. (2019). Rank-normalization, folding, and localization: An improved Rhat for assessing convergence of MCMC. arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.08008.
\item Kruschke, J. (2014). Doing Bayesian data analysis: A tutorial with R, JAGS, and Stan. Academic Press.
}
}
```