Revision **948ad5967298b4dc174f4d96511af60f38e9279e** authored by Roger Koenker on **27 July 2019, 09:38:23 UTC**, committed by cran-robot on **27 July 2019, 09:38:23 UTC**

crqf.f

```
C Comments, bug reports, etc. should be sent to: portnoy@stat.uiuc.edu
C
SUBROUTINE CRQF(M,N,MPLUS,N2,X,Y,C,TZERO,MAXW,STEP,IFT,H,XH,
* WA,WB,WC,WD,WE,WF,IA,NSOL,SOL,LSOL,ICEN,TCEN,LCEN)
C
C M = number of Observations
C N = Number of Parameters
C MPLUS = row dim of X, WA, and WC .GE. M+1
C N2 = N+2
C X is the X matrix (MPLUS BY N) (includes censored obs)
C Y is the y vector (M) (includes censored obs)
C C is the censoring integer(M) vector, 1 if obs is censored,
C 0 otherwise
C TZERO is the initial tau value
C MAXW ( .LE. MPLUS ): Maximal number of calls to weighted RQ
C for possible degeneracies. If exceeded (IFT = 7), dither.
C If MAXW .LE. 0, don't pivot -- use only weighted rq
C STEP: Step size for weighted rq at degeneracy
C IFT exit code:
C 0: ok
C 1: M < 0 or N < 0 OR M < N
C 2: MPLUS .LT. M + 1 or N2 .NE. N+2
C 3: MAXW > MPLUS
C 4: less than N noncensored obs above the tau=0 soln
C 5: possible degeneracy, rq called at tau + step, see IA
C 6: LSOL becomes greater than NSOL
C 7: MAXW exceeded
C 8: weighted rq tries to include infinite basis element
C H is an integer work vector (N) ( = basis indices )
C XH is a double precision work array (N by N)
C WA is a double precision work array (MPLUS by N)
C WB is a double precision work vector (MPLUS)
C WC is a double precision work array (MPLUS by N+2)
C WD is a double precision work vector (MPLUS)
C WE is a double precision work vector (MPLUS)
C WF is a double precision work vector (N)
C IA is an integer work vector (MPLUS)
C NSOL is an (estimated) row dimension of the solution array
C if NSOL < M, solutions returned only at tau = i/(NSOL-1)
C if all solutions are desired, NSOL = 3*M is a good choice
C on output:
C SOL is the coefficient solution array (N+2 by NSOL)
C first and last rows give tau bkpts and quantile
C rows 2:(N+1) give the beta coefficients
C LSOL is the actual dimension of the solution arrays
C LSOL = NSOL if NSOL < M, else LSOL .LE. NSOL
C ICEN (M) indicates status of censored observations
C = 0 if uncensored (or uncrossed censored while pivoting)
C = 1 if crossed censored
C = 2 if deleted as below tau = 0 solution
C = 3 if above last (maximal tau) solution
C TCEN (M) are the corresponding tau value where censored obs is
C firstcrossed: weight = (tau - TCEN(I))/(1 - TCEN(I))
C TCEN = 1 if censored obs is never crossed (ICEN = 3)
C TCEN = 0 if censored obs is deleted (ICEN = 2)
C LCEN = number of censored observations
C WD = list of first MPLUS tau values at which degeneracy
C may have occurred (and weighted RQ was called)
C H(1) = number of calls to weighted RQ (apparent degeneracy)
C
IMPLICIT DOUBLE PRECISION(A-H,O-Z)
INTEGER H(N),ICEN(M),C(M),IA(MPLUS)
LOGICAL APC, DEG
DOUBLE PRECISION ONE
DIMENSION X(M,N),Y(M),SOL(N2,NSOL),WC(MPLUS,N2),XH(N,N)
DIMENSION WA(MPLUS,N),WB(MPLUS),WD(MPLUS),WE(MPLUS)
DIMENSION F(2),WF(N),TCEN(M)
DATA BIG/1.D17/
DATA ZERO/0.00D0/
DATA HALF/0.50D0/
DATA ONE/1.00D0/
DATA TWO/2.00D0/
C
C CHECK DIMENSION PARAMETERS
C
DEG = .FALSE.
IFT=0
N1 = NSOL-1
LCEN = 0
DO 2 I = 1,M
IF(C(I) .EQ. 1) LCEN = LCEN + 1
2 CONTINUE
IF(MPLUS .LT. M+1) IFT = 2
IF(N2 .NE. N+2) IFT = 2
IF(M .LE. ZERO .OR. N. LE. ZERO .OR. M .LT. N) IFT = 1
IF(MAXW .GT. MPLUS) IFT = 3
IF(IFT .NE. 0) RETURN
C
C INITIALIZATION
C
TOLER = 1.D-11
TOL1 = 10.0D0*TOLER
IF(TZERO .LE. ZERO .OR. TZERO .GT. STEP) TZERO = STEP
DO 5 I=1,M
ICEN(I) = 0
TCEN(I) = ONE
WB(I) = Y(I)
DO 5 J=1,N
5 WA(I,J) = X(I,J)
MA = M
C
C GET TAU = O SOLUTION
C DELETE CENSORED OBS BELOW TAU = 0 SOLN
C
10 IF(MA .LE. N) THEN
IFT = 4
RETURN
ENDIF
CALL RQ1(MA,N,MPLUS,N2,WA,WB,TZERO,TOLER,IFT1,
* WF,WE,IA,WC,WD)
K = 0
KL = 0
C
C CHECK FOR CENSORED OBS BELOW TAU = 0 SOLN
C
L = 0
DO 20 I=1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 20
L = L + 1
IF( C(I) .EQ. 1 .AND. WE(L) .LE. TOL1 ) THEN
K = K + 1
ICEN(I) = 2
GO TO 20
ENDIF
IF( DABS(WE(L)) .GE. TOL1) GO TO 20
KL = KL + 1
IF(KL .LE. N) H(KL) = I
20 CONTINUE
IF( K .EQ. 0) GO TO 40
MA = MA - K
L = 0
C
C DELETE CENSORED OBS BELOW TAU = 0 SOLN, AND RETRY
C
DO 30 I=1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 30
L = L + 1
WB(L) = Y(I)
DO 25 J=1,N
25 WA(L,J) = X(I,J)
30 CONTINUE
GO TO 10
40 CONTINUE
C
C SAVE INITIAL SOLUTION, AND INITIALIZE PIVOTING LOOP
C
SOL(1,1) = ZERO
DO 50 J = 1,N
50 SOL(J+1,1) = WF(J)
NWRQ = 0
APC = .FALSE.
LSOL = 2
TAU = TZERO
C
C COMPUTE NEXT TAU
C FIRST CHECK FOR DEGENERACY AT TZERO
C
IF (KL .GT. N) GO TO 500
C
C GET X(H,)
C
DO 70 K = 1,N
I= H(K)
DO 60 J = 1,N
60 XH(K,J) = X(I,J)
70 CONTINUE
C
C GET X(H,) INVERSE
C
CALL DGECO(XH,N,N,IA,V,WC)
IF(V. LT. TOLER) GO TO 500
JOB = 01
CALL DGEDI(XH,N,N,IA,F,WC,JOB)
C
C GET RESIDUALS
C
DO 90 I=1,M
S = Y(I)
DO 80 J = 1,N
80 S = S - WF(J)*X(I,J)
90 WE(I) = S
C
C BEGIN PIVOTING; WD = GRAD UPPER BD, IA = SIGN(GRAD DENOM)
C
200 CONTINUE
CALL GRAD(X,M,N,H,ICEN,TCEN,XH,WE,TOLER,IA,WC,WD)
KL = 0
KM = 1
S = WD(1)
IF(N .EQ. 1) GO TO 230
DO 210 J=2,N
210 S = DMIN1(WD(J),S)
DO 220 J=1,N
IF(WD(J) .GE. S + TOLER) GO TO 220
KL = KL + 1
KM = J
220 CONTINUE
230 CONTINUE
C
C IF ALL POS RESIDS CENSORED, RETURN; ELSE CHECK FOR DEGEN.
C
IF(APC) THEN
SOL(1,LSOL) = DMAX1(S, TAU)
DO 240 J=1,N
240 SOL(J+1,LSOL) = WF(J)
GO TO 600
ENDIF
C
C IF DEGENERACY, CALL WEIGHTED RQ
C
IF (KL .GT. 1) GO TO 500
C
C CHECK FOR INFEASIBILITY CAUSED BY REWEIGHTING
C
IF(S .LT. TAU + TOL1) THEN
LSOL = LSOL - 1
TAU = TAU - .8*STEP
GO TO 500
ENDIF
TAU = S
C
C GET NEW OBSERVATION TO ENTER BASIS
C FIRST DEFINE WD = BASIS INDICATOR = 1 IF I IN H(J)
C
DO 250 I=1,M
250 WD(I) = ZERO
DO 260 J=1,N
260 WD(H(J)) = ONE
KN = 0
D = BIG
KIN = 0
DO 300 I=1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 300
S = ZERO
DO 270 J=1,N
270 S = S + X(I,J)*XH(J,KM)
S = IA(KM)*S
IF(DABS(S).LT.TOL1 .OR. (C(I).EQ.1 .AND. ICEN(I).NE.1)
* .OR. WD(I).EQ.ONE) GO TO 300
S = WE(I)/S
IF(S .LT. TOL1) GO TO 300
IF(S .LE. D - TOL1) THEN
D = S
KIN = I
KN = 0
ELSE
IF(S .LE. D + TOL1) KN = 1
ENDIF
300 CONTINUE
IF(KN .EQ. 1) GO TO 500
H(KM) = KIN
C
C UPDATE SOLUTION
C GET NEW X(H,)
C
DO 310 K = 1,N
I = H(K)
DO 310 J = 1,N
310 XH(K,J) = X(I,J)
C
C GET X(H,) INVERSE
C
315 CALL DGECO(XH,N,N,IA,V,WA)
IF(V. LT. TOLER) GO TO 500
JOB = 01
CALL DGEDI(XH,N,N,IA,F,WA,JOB)
C
C GET BETA-HAT, RESIDS
C
DO 340 K = 1,N
S = ZERO
DO 330 J = 1,N
330 S = S + XH(K,J)*Y(H(J))
340 WF(K) = S
345 DO 360 I=1,M
S = Y(I)
DO 350 J = 1,N
350 S = S - WF(J)*X(I,J)
360 WE(I) = S
C
C SAVE SOLUTION
C
365 DO 380 I = (LSOL-1),N1
IF(NSOL.GE.M .OR. TAU .GT. DFLOAT(I)/DFLOAT(N1) - 10*TOL1) THEN
SOL(1,LSOL) = TAU
DO 370 J = 1,N
370 SOL(J+1,LSOL) = WF(J)
LSOL = LSOL + 1
GO TO 390
ENDIF
380 CONTINUE
390 CONTINUE
C
C CHECK FOR DIM(SOL) EXCEEDED
C
IF(LSOL .GT. NSOL) THEN
IFT = 6
GO TO 600
ENDIF
IF(APC) THEN
LSOL = LSOL - 1
GO TO 600
ENDIF
C
C SET WT FOR CROSSED CENSORED OBSERVATIONS
C APC = .TRUE. IF ALL POS RESID ARE UNCROSSED CENSORED
C
APC = .TRUE.
C if the following are left uncommented: still get zero column
C TAUW = TAU - STEP/TWO
C IF(MAXW.GT.ZERO)THEN
C TAUW=TAU
C ENDIF
DO 400 I=1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 400
IF(WE(I).GE.TOL1 .AND. (C(I).EQ.0 .OR. ICEN(I).EQ.1))
* APC = .FALSE.
IF(WE(I).LE.-TOL1 .AND. C(I).EQ.1 .AND. ICEN(I).EQ.0) THEN
C
C at this point, Y(I) is a crossed censored obs (C_i)
C for the grid method TAUW = TAU - STEP*(B2-Y(I))/(B2-B1)
C where B1 = x_i' beta_j and B2 = x_i' beta_(j+1)
C otherwise (for pivot), TAUW = TAU
C
IF(MAXW.LT.0) THEN
B1 = ZERO
B2 = ZERO
DO 396 J=1,N
B1 = B1 + X(I,J) * SOL(J+1,LSOL - 2)
396 B2 = B2 + X(I,J) * SOL(J+1,LSOL - 1)
A1 = (B2 - Y(I))/(B2-B1)
TAUW = TAU - A1*STEP
ELSE
TAUW = TAU
ENDIF
ICEN(I) = 1
TCEN(I) = TAUW
ENDIF
400 CONTINUE
IF(APC) THEN
IF(DEG) THEN
IFT = 5
LSOL = LSOL - 1
GO TO 600
ENDIF
GO TO 200
ENDIF
C
C RETURN IF TAU > 1
C
IF(TAU .GE. ONE - 10.0D0 * TOL1) GO TO 600
IF(DEG) GO TO 500
IF(MAXW .GT. 0) GO TO 200
C
C POSSIBLE DEGENERACY -- USE WEIGHTED RQ1 TO RESOLVE
C
500 NWRQ = NWRQ + 1
IF(MAXW .GT. 0 .AND. NWRQ .GT. MAXW) THEN
IFT = 7
LSOL = LSOL - 1
GO TO 600
ENDIF
IF(NWRQ .LE. NSOL) SOL(N+2,NWRQ) = TAU
TAU = TAU + STEP
IF(TAU .GE. ONE) TAU = ONE - TOL1
L = 0
L1 = 0
DO 506 J=1,N
506 WF(J) = ZERO
DO 530 I = 1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 0) THEN
IF (C(I) .EQ. 0) THEN
L1 = L1 + 1
WB(L1) = Y(I)
DO 510 J=1,N
510 WA(L1,J) = X(I,J)
ELSE
DO 514 J = 1,N
514 WF(J) = WF(J) + X(I,J)
ENDIF
ENDIF
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 1) THEN
L1 = L1 + 1
L = L+1
W = (TAU - TCEN(I))/(ONE - TCEN(I))
WB(L1) = W * Y(I)
DO 520 J = 1,N
WA(L1,J) = W * X(I,J)
520 WF(J) = WF(J) + (ONE - W) * X(I,J)
ENDIF
530 CONTINUE
MAL = L1+1
DO 534 J=1,N
534 WA(MAL,J) = WF(J)
WB(MAL) = BIG
CALL RQ1(MAL,N,MPLUS,N2,WA,WB,TAU,TOLER,IFT1,WF,WE,IA,WC,WD)
DEG = .FALSE.
IF(DABS(WE(MAL)) .LE. .0001) THEN
IFT = 8
LSOL = LSOL - 1
GO TO 600
ENDIF
L = 0
K = 0
DO 550 I=1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 550
L = L+1
IF(DABS(WE(L)) .GE. TOL1) GO TO 550
K = K+1
IF(K .LE. N) THEN
H(K) = I
DO 540 J=1,N
540 XH(K,J) = X(I,J)
ENDIF
550 CONTINUE
IF(K .LT. N) THEN
IFT = 8
LSOL = LSOL - 1
GO TO 600
ENDIF
IF(K .GT. N) DEG = .TRUE.
GO TO 345
C
C DEFINE OUTPUT AND RETURN
C
600 H(1) = NWRQ
L = MIN0(NWRQ,MPLUS)
DO 610 I=1,L
610 WD(I) = SOL(N+2,I)
DO 620 I=1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 620
IF(C(I) .EQ.1 .AND. TCEN(I) .EQ. ONE) ICEN(I) = 3
620 CONTINUE
V = DFLOAT(MA)
DO 650 J = 1,N
S = ZERO
DO 640 I = 1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 640
S = S + X(I,J)
640 CONTINUE
650 WF(J) = S/V
DO 670 I = 1,LSOL
S = ZERO
DO 660 J = 1,N
660 S = S + WF(J) * SOL(J+1,I)
670 SOL(N+2,I) = S
RETURN
END
SUBROUTINE GRAD(X,M,N,H,ICEN,TCEN,XH,
* R,TOL,IFLAG,WA,GUP)
C
C X matrix (M BY N)
C M = Number of Observations
C N = Number of Parameters
C H = basis, integer(N) vector
C ICEN (integer(M)) = 2 for deleted obs
C = 1 for crossed non-censored obs
C = 0 otherwise
C TCEN(M) are the corresponding tau values where a censored obs is
C first crossed (ICEN=1): weight = (tau - TCEN(I))/(1 - TCEN(I))
C TCEN = 1 if censored obs is never crossed
C XH = (N by N) X(H,) inverse matrix
C R(M) = residuals
C TOL = zero tolerance (1.D-10 by default)
C IFLAG (M) work vector
C WA (M by N) work array
C returns:
C GUP(N) = upper bounds on tau
C IFLAG(1:N) = sign(grad denom)
C = +1 if bound from lower grad bound
C = -1 if bound from upper grad bound
C
IMPLICIT DOUBLE PRECISION(A-H,O-Z)
INTEGER H(N),ICEN(M),IFLAG(*)
DOUBLE PRECISION ONE
DIMENSION X(M,N),GUP(N),XH(N,N)
DIMENSION R(M),TCEN(M),WA(M,N)
DATA ZERO/0.00D0/, ONE/1.0d0/
C
C GET X'(XH-INVERSE)
C
DO 80 I = 1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 80
DO 70 J = 1,N
A = ZERO
DO 60 K = 1,N
60 A = A + X(I,K)*XH(K,J)
70 WA(I,J) = A
80 CONTINUE
C
C GET GRADIENT BOUNDS
C FIRST SET IFLAG = 1 FOR BASIS INDICES (TEMPORARY)
C
T = ZERO
DO 90 I = 1,M
90 IFLAG(I) = 0
DO 95 J = 1,N
95 IFLAG(H(J)) = 1
DO 120 J=1,N
A = ZERO
B = ZERO
C = ZERO
D = ZERO
DO 100 I = 1,M
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 2) GO TO 100
IF(ICEN(I) .EQ. 0) THEN
IF(R(I) .GT. TOL) A = A + WA(I,J)
IF(R(I) .LT. - TOL) B = B + WA(I,J)
GO TO 100
ENDIF
IF(IFLAG(I).EQ.1) GO TO 100
C
C IFLAG = 0: NOT BASIS AND ICEN = 1: CROSSED CENSORED
C
IF(R(I) .LT. -TOL) THEN
T = TCEN(I)/(ONE - TCEN(I))
C = C - T*WA(I,J)
GO TO 100
ENDIF
IF(R(I) .GT. TOL) THEN
D = D - WA(I,J)
ENDIF
100 CONTINUE
D = D - C
L = ICEN(H(J))
IF(L .NE. 0) T = TCEN(H(J))/( ONE - TCEN(H(J)) )
S = DFLOAT(L)*(T + ONE) - ONE
E1 = A + B - D - S
E2 = A + B - D + ONE
IF(E1 .GT. ZERO) THEN
GUP(J) = (B + C - S)/E1
IFLAG(J+M) = 1
GO TO 120
ENDIF
IF(E2 .LT. ZERO) THEN
GUP(J) = (B + C)/E2
IFLAG(J+M) = -1
GO TO 120
ENDIF
GUP(J) = - ONE
120 CONTINUE
DO 130 J = 1,N
130 IFLAG(J) = IFLAG(J+M)
RETURN
END
```

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